THE MOST KNOWN DREAMS OF CAIRO
Most of the population of Egypt professes the Islamic religion. The mosques of Cairo (and this city is the center of the Arab-Muslim culture of Egypt) are the most outstanding monuments of Egyptian Muslim culture and architecture. No wonder romantic travelers once called Cairo “a city of a thousand minarets.”
The article will look at the most famous temples that are worth visiting during an excursion to the largest city on the African continent.
Presumably, this mosque is the oldest temple in Cairo. Its construction dates back to the IX century, but it perfectly preserved the appearance to this day. The temple is made of brick and covered with a special limestone grease. In the western part there is a minaret, the outstanding influence of Baghdad, which was strongly in Egypt at that time.
TEMPLE OF SULTAN KHASAN
The Sultan Hassan Grand Mosque is one of the most famous monuments of Mamluk art in Cairo. The complex is built on the square in front of the Citadel, it includes the mausoleum of Sultan Hassan, a mosque, a madrasa and various outbuildings.
In the temple of Sultan Hassan is one of the oldest religious schools. The construction is made in the form of a cross, at each end of which a group of students is located. Here is the most ancient in Egypt, the department of reading the Quran, decorated with ivory and ebony.
Temple of Sultan Hassan
TEMPLE OF MOHAMMED ALI
The mosque of Mohammed Ali is one of the most striking sights of the Cairo Citadel. It was erected in the first half of the XIX century by order of the then ruler of Egypt, Mohammed Ali, and faced with alabaster, for which it received its second name – “alabaster mosque”. The architect, who built such a beautiful building, took as its basis the Hagia Sophia, located in Constantinople.
The mosque of Mohammed Ali is located at the highest point of the city – it can be seen from all parts of Cairo.
CHURCH AL AKMAR
This structure, located in the center of old Cairo, is also called the “gray mosque”. It is really built from gray stone in 1121-1125. Then the mosque was destroyed and restored at the end of the XIV century by order of the Mamluk prince. Literally, the name of the temple translates as “moon”.
SWORD AL AZHAR
This temple is also known as a major religious university, which studies literature, languages, fiqh, hadith, and Koranic disciplines. Al Azhar Mosque was built in 972.
The Blue Mosque was built by the Mamluks, or rather, by the Emir Shamas ad Dina Aksunkur. It is so named because of the design of the prayer hall, in the decoration of which shades of blue and blue colors predominate.
In 1992, a powerful earthquake occurred in Cairo, which caused damage to many architectural monuments, and the Blue Mosque was among them. From 2008 to 2012, its complete reconstruction was carried out.
The Blue Mosque can be found in the very center of Islamic Cairo (the medieval part of the city), across the street from Al Azhar Park, not far from the Citadel.